Express news service

A Communist Party, in the traditional Marxist fashion, will normally celebrate a futuristic vision of one International – a world without borders or borders. Not the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
On July 1, Xi Jinping, CPC General Secretary and President of the People’s Republic of China, opened the centenary celebrations of the world’s most powerful party with a strong “nationalist” message. “China will never allow foreign forces to intimidate, oppress or enslave us,” Xi thundered from the Heavenly Peace Gate in Tiananmen Square in Beijing.

“Whoever harbors illusions of doing this will break his head and spill blood on the Great Wall of steel built from the flesh and blood of 1.4 billion Chinese people.” Strong words indeed! The Chinese Communist Party, now 95 million strong, has come a long way from the motley group that launched it in Shanghai in 1921. It quickly developed as a unifying force against initially a Japanese occupation army, then waged a bitter civil war against the government forces of General Chiang Kai-shek. At the head of the Red Army, the Party consolidated with the Long March, retreating to Shaanxi province after a grueling 6,000-kilometer march in 1934 to escape encirclement; then finally seized power in 1949, pushing the Kuomintang back towards Taiwan.

Nationalist agenda
Unlike many communist parties that collapsed, the CCP developed on the back of a nationalist program. Even after taking power, the Party continued to redefine its country’s borders, citing the wrongs of colonial maps and Western “imperialism”. The recapture of Hong Kong from the British, uncompromising claims on Taiwan, and aggressive border tactics with India and in the South China Sea have isolated China on the world stage; but it gave birth to unifying passions in us.

Many do not understand it, but Mao Zedong’s “nationalist” ideology flourished in China’s peasant and pre-industrial society because it represented staunch opposition to Japanese and Western aggression, and united a deeply divided society, rooted in Confucian fatalism. “We are both internationalists and patriots, and our slogan is: Fight to defend the homeland from the aggressors,” Mao said in 1938.
The CCP’s “nationalist” agenda has also resulted in real progress. China is now the second largest economy in the world, after the United States. The World Bank calls it an “upper middle income country”. Since China began reforming its economy in 1978, GDP growth has averaged 10% per year and more than 800 million people have been lifted out of poverty. It is widely recognized that the vast masses have easy access to health, education and other services.

Yet China is in the throes of a serious crisis, as growth slows to around 6.5%. It has an aging population, and the country’s growing isolation and trade disputes with other countries have created shortages. Repression is endemic to the system: the eradication of the democratic movement in Hong Kong and the imprisonment of thousands of Muslim minority communities – Uyghurs, Kazaks and other Turkish groups – in re-education camps is an act of government of routine.

Communist or capitalist?
Finally, what sort of party is the CCP today? Marxist ideologues – Lenin and Mao – both predicted that it is much more difficult to maintain the communist ideal after the seizure of power than it is to seize power from the decadent feudal and monarchist forces. Living proof is the demise of the Soviet Communist Party, which collapsed shortly after the Cold War.

In the case of the Chinese Communist Party, the historical mistakes of the Soviet Party taught Mao to draw the line for a continuous revolution. Classes and class struggle are not abolished with a stroke of the pen and will continue long after the establishment of a socialist state. In fact, pro-capitalist groups seek to regain power by rooting themselves in the Communist Party, he predicted.

This line gave birth to the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, the Chinese party’s attempt to cleanse the party’s “capitalist truckers” in 1966. Mao called on party loyalists to “bomb the siege” or eliminate these “revisionists” from the party. leadership positions that had abandoned the cause of communism. Its slogan “it’s right to rebel” has moved millions of people to a new wave of class struggle in China.
With the death of Mao in 1976, the Chinese vision of permanent revolution died out. In his place came Deng Xiaoping who ushered in reforms that coupled China to the international capitalist system and paved the way for rapid export-led growth. Class struggle and revolution were put on the back burner, and the cult of Mammon was officially legitimized. Deng summed it up in his famous words: “It doesn’t matter if a cat is white or black, as long as it catches mice.” China has changed color and course and reorganized its economy on the model of state capitalism.

Today, under the tutelage of the Chinese Party, China is ruled by a new elite; and it exerts class oppression of a new and sophisticated kind. Technology, developed to dizzying heights, is used for command and control. China has the most complex and efficient digital firewalls to control the Internet and access to content for its citizens. Artificial intelligence is used by security services to identify and neutralize dissidents through facial recognition techniques. Internationally, the Chinese state is a partner of oppressive regimes like the Burmese junta. The Chinese Communist Party is today an instrument of authoritarian rule. The original idealism and the passion for a classless society have evaporated. Only the shell remains.

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